Americans who are around today who were old enough on Dec. 7, 1941, remember the cry of “Remember Pearl Harbor.” That was the rallying cry after the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, killing about 2,300 people, members of the military and civilians, with 19 of our naval ships sunk or damaged. The sneak attack plunged the United States into World War II. Congress officially declared war on the Axis Forces, the principal countries being Germany and Japan, after the attack.
Americans were surprised and angered about the attack, especially since the Japanese had officials in Washington, D.C., talking peace. Men and women responded by enlisting in the military in large numbers. Recruiting stations were jammed on Dec. 8, 1941. The draft of men already had begun the year before. There was fear this country would be attacked and war footings were put in place. Civil Defense measures began.
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