Engaging in rumors and gossip, especially when it divulges private information about someone else, can be destructive. Gossip and rumors can be devastating to the person the rumors are about, the community and even to the person gossiping.

So how can parents help children avoid participating in this behavior especially when they might be guilty of gossiping themselves? Here are several tips:

1. Remind children that talking about other people’s private business can cause hurt feelings.

Talk with children about how it might feel to have friends talking about their personal information. It can be helpful for children to understand how it would feel if this were to happen to them. Doing this can build empathy.

By gossiping, children open themselves up to repercussions such as rumors being spread about them. The person who was gossiped about is often so angry and hurt that they start talking about the people who hurt them. The cycle continues, and more people are hurt and angry.

2. Brainstorm some good techniques to use when gossip is being shared.

Come up with some direct approaches and some softer techniques. An example of a direct response is to let the person talking know that what they are saying will probably hurt the person the rumors are about and you would like to talk about something else. Other techniques include changing the subject or walking away from the chatter.

3. Explain that sometimes people gossip because they are angry or upset. Talk about what to do in this circumstance, such as talking directly to that friend instead of talking about him or her.

If your child does not feel comfortable talking directly, suggest role playing a conversation they might have. Even if your child ultimately decides not to talk to the friend about the issue, it is important that children vent their feelings and not hold them in.

4. Discuss safe people to confide in if your child is upset. Suggest if your child wants to talk to you about anything, including other people, he or she is always welcome to talk confidentially to you, their parent or guardian. (And do keep the information confidential, as you promised.)

Decide which other adults might be good choices to talk to: a trusted family member, a favorite teacher, or a specific member of the clergy are a few examples.

5. Speak up when you hear children talking about others.

Sometimes it’s fine to be a “fly on the wall” and to listen and not engage with kids and their friends. But when kids know adults can hear them, and the adults don’t do anything when kids say something inappropriate, kids think what they said is OK.

6. Model good behavior by not talking about other people’s private business, especially in front of children.

Even when it appears that children are not paying attention to what we say, they see and hear more than we think. If you make the mistake of gossiping, take responsibility for it. Let your child know you made a mistake and your goal is to not gossip.

Janice Brown is the Santa Barbara, Calif.-based author of “Rumorang.” Visit her online at www.rumorangbook.com.