“Last Chain on Billie, How One Extraordinary Elephant Escaped the Big Top” by Carol Bradley, lays bare the cruel treatment elephants were forced to endure when they were brought to the United States to preform in circuses. Though “Last Chain” primarily focuses on the past, some elephants are still being abused in circuses and zoos.
The book highlights the life of Billie, an elephant captured in the 1960’s in the jungles of Asia—an animal subjected, as so many were, to a long, arduous journey to America. Often the elephants were tossed around in the bowels of a ship and injured or killed in the process, their bodies thrown overboard.
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